The fundamental principal of an air compressor is to capture and increase the volume of air, gathering air at atmospheric pressure and delivering it back at high pressure. Owing to the contraction of air inside the compressor, the pressure of air is increased which results in the generation of energy that can be used for various industrial purposes, domestic purposes, and commercial purposes.
There are different types present in these compressors that come with a variety of features. The most popular type is reciprocating compressor which is mostly used to operate personal use machines at home. This type of compressor services cleaners, painting tools, and similar other equipment. The next popular type is dynamic compressors that make use of the revolving device to increase or decrease the speed of busted air. The types that are suitable for industrial uses are two stage piston compressors that utilize more than one piston to compress or pressurize air.
Air compressors are much more useful than usually thought. These powerful energy generators can power spray guns, nail guns to go with many other machinery and tools. The importance of air compressors in a constant supply of compressed air can be better understood by imagining the importance of lungs for the respiratory system in human body. In fact, the precise working operation of air compressors can be reflected when you blow candles on your birthday cake. Before blowing air to extinguish candles, you take a deep breath inside your lungs that increase the air pressure coming out of your mouth through lungs. Similarly, effective use of air force for producing energy for various equipment is utilized by air compressors.
Lets us have a brief look into the family tree of air compressors available in market:
An in-built tank is the characteristic feature of these compressors. This storage tank is used to store compressed air. There is an automated shutdown of the motor after the pre-set certain level of pressure is attained inside the tank. With the use of compressed air from the tank, the pressure is reduced which then starts the motor to rebuild the pressure. However, the specified settings can be defined by the user in accordance to his requirements of compressed air.
The two principal types of piston copeland compressor include:
As reflected by name, there is only a single piston present to compress and store the compressed air into the storage tank. Single stage piston compressors don’t comprise of gigantic power required to fulfill industrial requirements therefore they are primarily use for domestic purposes. The maximum pressure that can be attained by single stage air compressors for compressed air is about 150 pounds for single square inch.
Two Stage Compressors
These compressors, unlike their single stage counterparts, utilize dual pistons for generation and storage of compressed air into a storage tank. The systematic functioning of dual pistons ensures that there is an epic pressure built by the compressor that can be used for meting industrial requirements. These heavy duty two stage air compressors are largely used in industries for compressed air supply.
Compact Air Compressors
Contrary to the piston compressors, compressors of these categories are not used for any industrial purpose. They are the lightest and smallest category of air compressors available in the market with no air storage tank and runs of direct supply of compressed air. These compressors are used for small spray guns and glue guns.